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Contacts

发布于 2019-07-04 字数 41644 浏览 789 评论 0

Contacts

The contacts object provides access to the device contacts database.

Important privacy note: Collection and use of contact data raises important privacy issues. Your app’s privacy policy should discuss how the app uses contact data and whether it is shared with any other parties. Contact information is considered sensitive because it reveals the people with whom a person communicates. Therefore, in addition to your app’s privacy policy, you should strongly consider providing a just-in-time notice prior to your app accessing or using contact data (if the device operating system doesn’t do so already). That notice should provide the same information noted above, as well as obtaining the user’s permission (e.g., by presenting choices for “OK” and “No Thanks”). Note that some app marketplaces may require your app to provide just-in-time notice and obtain permission from the user prior to accessing contact data. A clear and easy to understand user experience surrounding the use of contact data will help avoid user confusion and perceived misuse of contact data. For more information, please see the Privacy Guide.

Methods

  • contacts.create
  • contacts.find

Arguments

  • contactFields
  • contactSuccess
  • contactError
  • contactFindOptions

Objects

  • Contact
  • ContactName
  • ContactField
  • ContactAddress
  • ContactOrganization
  • ContactFindOptions
  • ContactError

Permissions

Android

app/res/xml/config.xml

<plugin name="Contacts" value="org.apache.cordova.ContactManager" />

app/AndroidManifest.xml

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.GET_ACCOUNTS" />
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_CONTACTS" />
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_CONTACTS" />

BlackBerry WebWorks

www/plugins.xml

<plugin name="Contact" value="org.apache.cordova.pim.Contact" />

www/config.xml

<feature id="blackberry.find"
required="true" version="1.0.0.0" />
<feature id="blackberry.identity"    required="true" version="1.0.0.0" />
<feature id="blackberry.pim.Address" required="true" version="1.0.0.0" />
<feature id="blackberry.pim.Contact" required="true" version="1.0.0.0" />

iOS

config.xml

<plugin name="Contacts" value="CDVContacts" />

Windows Phone

Properties/WPAppManifest.xml

<Capabilities>
    <Capability Name="ID_CAP_CONTACTS" />
</Capabilities>

Reference: Application Manifest for Windows Phone


contacts.create

Returns a new Contact object.

var contact = navigator.contacts.create(properties);

Description

The contacts.create method is synchronous, and returns a new Contact object.

This method does not retain the Contact object in the device contacts
database, for which you need to invoke the Contact.save method.

Supported Platforms

  • Android
  • BlackBerry WebWorks (OS 5.0 and higher)
  • iOS
  • Windows Phone 7 and 8

Quick Example

var myContact = navigator.contacts.create({"displayName": "Test User"});

Full Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Contact Example</title>
    <script type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8" src="cordova-x.x.x.js"></script>
    <script type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8">
    // Wait for device API libraries to load
    //
    document.addEventListener("deviceready", onDeviceReady, false);
    // device APIs are available
    //
    function onDeviceReady() {
var myContact = navigator.contacts.create({"displayName": "Test User"});
myContact.note = "This contact has a note.";
console.log("The contact, " + myContact.displayName + ", note: " + myContact.note);
    }

    </script>
  </head>
  <body>
    <h2>Example</h2>
    <p>Create Contact</p>
  </body>
</html>

contacts.find

Queries the device contacts database and returns one or more Contact
objects, each containing the fields specified.

navigator.contacts.find(contactFields, contactSuccess, contactError, contactFindOptions);

Description

The contacts.find method executes asynchronously, querying the
device contacts database and returning an array of Contact objects.
The resulting objects are passed to the contactSuccess callback
function specified by the contactSuccess parameter.

The contactFields parameter specifies the fields to be used as a
search qualifier, and only those results are passed to the
contactSuccess callback function. A zero-length contactFields
parameter is invalid and results in
ContactError.INVALID_ARGUMENT_ERROR. A contactFields value of
"*" returns all contact fields.

The contactFindOptions.filter string can be used as a search
filter when querying the contacts database. If provided, a
case-insensitive, partial value match is applied to each field
specified in the contactFields parameter. If there’s a match for
any of the specified fields, the contact is returned.

Parameters

  • contactFields: Contact fields to use as a search qualifier. The resulting Contact object only features values for these fields. (DOMString[]) [Required]
  • contactSuccess: Success callback function invoked with the contacts returned from the database. [Required]
  • contactError: Error callback function, invoked when an error occurs. [Optional]
  • contactFindOptions: Search options to filter contacts. [Optional]

Supported Platforms

  • Android
  • BlackBerry WebWorks (OS 5.0 and higher)
  • iOS
  • Windows Phone 7 and 8
  • Windows 8

Quick Example

function onSuccess(contacts) {
    alert('Found ' + contacts.length + ' contacts.');
};
function onError(contactError) {
    alert('onError!');
};
// find all contacts with 'Bob' in any name field
var options      = new ContactFindOptions();
options.filter   = "Bob";
options.multiple = true;
var fields       = ["displayName", "name"];
navigator.contacts.find(fields, onSuccess, onError, options);

Full Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
    <head>
<title>Contact Example</title>
<script type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8" src="cordova-x.x.x.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8">
// Wait for device API libraries to load
document.addEventListener("deviceready", onDeviceReady, false);
// device APIs are available
function onDeviceReady() {
    // find all contacts with 'Bob' in any name field
    var options = new ContactFindOptions();
    options.filter = "Bob";
    var fields = ["displayName", "name"];
    navigator.contacts.find(fields, onSuccess, onError, options);
}
// onSuccess: Get a snapshot of the current contacts
function onSuccess(contacts) {
    for (var i = 0; i < contacts.length; i++) {
console.log("Display Name = " + contacts[i].displayName);
    }
}
// onError: Failed to get the contacts
function onError(contactError) {
    alert('onError!');
}
</script>
    </head>
    <body>
<h2>Example</h2>
<p>Find Contacts</p>
    </body>
</html>

Contact

Contains properties that describe a contact, such as a user’s personal or business contact.

Properties

  • id: A globally unique identifier. (DOMString)
  • displayName: The name of this Contact, suitable for display to end-users. (DOMString)
  • name: An object containing all components of a persons name. (ContactName)
  • nickname: A casual name by which to address the contact. (DOMString)
  • phoneNumbers: An array of all the contact’s phone numbers. (ContactField[])
  • emails: An array of all the contact’s email addresses. (ContactField[])
  • addresses: An array of all the contact’s addresses. (ContactAddress[])
  • ims: An array of all the contact’s IM addresses. (ContactField[])
  • organizations: An array of all the contact’s organizations. (ContactOrganization[])
  • birthday: The birthday of the contact. (Date)
  • note: A note about the contact. (DOMString)
  • photos: An array of the contact’s photos. (ContactField[])
  • categories: An array of all the user-defined categories associated with the contact. (ContactField[])
  • urls: An array of web pages associated with the contact. (ContactField[])

Methods

  • clone: Returns a new Contact object that is a deep copy of the calling object, with the id property set to null.
  • remove: Removes the contact from the device contacts database, otherwise executes an error callback with a ContactError object.
  • save: Saves a new contact to the device contacts database, or updates an existing contact if a contact with the same id already exists.

Details

The Contact object represents a user’s contact. Contacts can be
created, stored, or removed from the device contacts database.
Contacts can also be retrieved (individually or in bulk) from the
database by invoking the contacts.find method.

NOTE: Not all of the contact fields listed above are supported on
every device platform. Please check each platform’s Quirks section
for details.

Supported Platforms

  • Android
  • BlackBerry WebWorks (OS 5.0 and higher)
  • iOS
  • Windows Phone 7 and 8
  • Windows 8

Save Quick Example

function onSuccess(contact) {
    alert("Save Success");
};
function onError(contactError) {
    alert("Error = " + contactError.code);
};
// create a new contact object
var contact = navigator.contacts.create();
contact.displayName = "Plumber";
contact.nickname = "Plumber";
// specify both to support all devices
// populate some fields
var name = new ContactName();
name.givenName = "Jane";
name.familyName = "Doe";
contact.name = name;
// save to device
contact.save(onSuccess,onError);

Clone Quick Example

    // clone the contact object
    var clone = contact.clone();
    clone.name.givenName = "John";
    console.log("Original contact name = " + contact.name.givenName);
    console.log("Cloned contact name = " + clone.name.givenName);

Remove Quick Example

function onSuccess() {
    alert("Removal Success");
};
function onError(contactError) {
    alert("Error = " + contactError.code);
};
    // remove the contact from the device
    contact.remove(onSuccess,onError);

Full Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Contact Example</title>
    <script type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8" src="cordova-x.x.x.js"></script>
    <script type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8">
    // Wait for device API libraries to load
    //
    document.addEventListener("deviceready", onDeviceReady, false);
    // device APIs are available
    //
    function onDeviceReady() {
// create
var contact = navigator.contacts.create();
contact.displayName = "Plumber";
contact.nickname = "Plumber";
     // specify both to support all devices
var name = new ContactName();
name.givenName = "Jane";
name.familyName = "Doe";
contact.name = name;
// save
contact.save(onSaveSuccess,onSaveError);
// clone
var clone = contact.clone();
clone.name.givenName = "John";
console.log("Original contact name = " + contact.name.givenName);
console.log("Cloned contact name = " + clone.name.givenName);
// remove
contact.remove(onRemoveSuccess,onRemoveError);
    }
    // onSaveSuccess: Get a snapshot of the current contacts
    //
    function onSaveSuccess(contact) {
alert("Save Success");
    }
    // onSaveError: Failed to get the contacts
    //
    function onSaveError(contactError) {
alert("Error = " + contactError.code);
    }
    // onRemoveSuccess: Get a snapshot of the current contacts
    //
    function onRemoveSuccess(contacts) {
alert("Removal Success");
    }
    // onRemoveError: Failed to get the contacts
    //
    function onRemoveError(contactError) {
alert("Error = " + contactError.code);
    }
    </script>
  </head>
  <body>
    <h2>Example</h2>
    <p>Find Contacts</p>
  </body>
</html>

Android 2.X Quirks

  • categories: Not supported on Android 2.X devices, returning null.

BlackBerry WebWorks (OS 5.0 and higher) Quirks

  • id: Supported. Assigned by the device when saving the contact.
  • displayName: Supported. Stored in BlackBerry user1 field.
  • nickname: Not supported, returning null.
  • phoneNumbers: Partially supported. Phone numbers are stored in BlackBerry fields homePhone1 and homePhone2 if type is ‘home’, workPhone1 and workPhone2 if type is ‘work’, mobilePhone if type is ‘mobile’, faxPhone if type is ‘fax’, pagerPhone if type is ‘pager’, and otherPhone if type is none of the above.
  • emails: Partially supported. The first three email addresses are stored in the BlackBerry email1, email2, and email3 fields, respectively.
  • addresses: Partially supported. The first and second addresses are stored in the BlackBerry homeAddress and workAddress fields, respectively.
  • ims: Not supported, returning null.
  • organizations: Partially supported. The name and title of the first organization are stored in the BlackBerry company and title fields, respectively.
  • photos: Partially supported. A single thumbnail-sized photo is supported. To set a contact’s photo, pass in a either a base64-encoded image, or a URL pointing to the image. The image is scaled down before saving to the BlackBerry contacts database. The contact photo is returned as a base64-encoded image.
  • categories: Partially supported. Only Business and Personal categories are supported.
  • urls: Partially supported. The first URL is stored in BlackBerry webpage field.

iOS Quirks

  • displayName: Not supported on iOS, returning null unless there is no ContactName specified, in which case it returns the composite name, nickname or "", respectively.
  • birthday: Must be input as a JavaScript Date object, the same way it is returned.
  • photos: Returns a File URL to the image, which is stored in the application’s temporary directory. Contents of the temporary directory are removed when the application exits.
  • categories: This property is currently not supported, returning null.

Windows Phone 7 and 8 Quirks

  • displayName: When creating a contact, the value provided for the display name parameter differs from the display name retrieved when finding the contact.
  • urls: When creating a contact, users can input and save more than one web address, but only one is available is available when searching the contact.
  • phoneNumbers: The pref option is not supported. The type is not supported in a find operation. Only one phoneNumber is allowed for each type.
  • emails: The pref option is not supported. Home and personal references same email entry. Only one entry is allowed for each type.
  • addresses: Supports only work, and home/personal type. The home and personal type reference the same address entry. Only one entry is allowed for each type.
  • organizations: Only one is allowed, and does not support the pref, type, and department attributes.
  • note: Not supported, returning null.
  • ims: Not supported, returning null.
  • birthdays: Not supported, returning null.
  • categories: Not supported, returning null.

ContactAddress

Contains address properties for a Contact object.

Properties

  • pref: Set to true if this ContactAddress contains the user’s preferred value. (boolean)
  • type: A string indicating what type of field this is, home for example. (DOMString)
  • formatted: The full address formatted for display. (DOMString)
  • streetAddress: The full street address. (DOMString)
  • locality: The city or locality. (DOMString)
  • region: The state or region. (DOMString)
  • postalCode: The zip code or postal code. (DOMString)
  • country: The country name. (DOMString)

Details

The ContactAddress object stores the properties of a single address
of a contact. A Contact object may include more than one address in
a ContactAddress[] array.

Supported Platforms

  • Android
  • BlackBerry WebWorks (OS 5.0 and higher)
  • iOS
  • Windows Phone 7 and 8
  • Windows 8

Quick Example

// display the address information for all contacts
function onSuccess(contacts) {
    for (var i = 0; i < contacts.length; i++) {
for (var j = 0; j < contacts[i].addresses.length; j++) {
alert("Pref: "
 + contacts[i].addresses[j].pref
  + "\n" +
    "Type: "
   + contacts[i].addresses[j].type
  + "\n" +
    "Formatted: "      + contacts[i].addresses[j].formatted     + "\n" +
    "Street Address: " + contacts[i].addresses[j].streetAddress + "\n" +
    "Locality: "       + contacts[i].addresses[j].locality      + "\n" +
    "Region: "
 + contacts[i].addresses[j].region
+ "\n" +
    "Postal Code: "    + contacts[i].addresses[j].postalCode    + "\n" +
    "Country: "
+ contacts[i].addresses[j].country);
}
    }
};
function onError(contactError) {
    alert('onError!');
};
// find all contacts
var options = new ContactFindOptions();
options.filter = "";
var filter = ["displayName", "addresses"];
navigator.contacts.find(filter, onSuccess, onError, options);

Full Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Contact Example</title>
    <script type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8" src="cordova-x.x.x.js"></script>
    <script type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8">
    // Wait for device API libraries to load
    //
    document.addEventListener("deviceready", onDeviceReady, false);
    // device APIs are available
    //
    function onDeviceReady() {
// find all contacts
var options = new ContactFindOptions();
options.filter = "";
var filter = ["displayName", "addresses"];
navigator.contacts.find(filter, onSuccess, onError, options);
    }
    // onSuccess: Get a snapshot of the current contacts
    //
    function onSuccess(contacts) {
// display the address information for all contacts
for (var i = 0; i < contacts.length; i++) {
for (var j = 0; j < contacts[i].addresses.length; j++) {
    alert("Pref: "
   + contacts[i].addresses[j].pref
  + "\n" +
  "Type: "
   + contacts[i].addresses[j].type
  + "\n" +
  "Formatted: "      + contacts[i].addresses[j].formatted     + "\n" +
  "Street Address: " + contacts[i].addresses[j].streetAddress + "\n" +
  "Locality: "       + contacts[i].addresses[j].locality      + "\n" +
  "Region: "
 + contacts[i].addresses[j].region
+ "\n" +
  "Postal Code: "    + contacts[i].addresses[j].postalCode    + "\n" +
  "Country: "
+ contacts[i].addresses[j].country);
}
}
    };
    // onError: Failed to get the contacts
    //
    function onError(contactError) {
alert('onError!');
    }
    </script>
  </head>
  <body>
    <h2>Example</h2>
    <p>Find Contacts</p>
  </body>
</html>

Android 2.X Quirks

  • pref: Not supported, returning false on Android 2.X devices.

BlackBerry WebWorks (OS 5.0 and higher) Quirks

  • pref: Not supported on Blackberry devices, returning false.
  • type: Partially supported. Only one each of Work and Home type addresses can be stored per contact.
  • formatted: Partially supported. Returns a concatenation of all BlackBerry address fields.
  • streetAddress: Supported. Returns a concatenation of BlackBerry address1 and address2 address fields.
  • locality: Supported. Stored in BlackBerry city address field.
  • region: Supported. Stored in BlackBerry stateProvince address field.
  • postalCode: Supported. Stored in BlackBerry zipPostal address field.
  • country: Supported.

iOS Quirks

  • pref: Not supported on iOS devices, returning false.
  • formatted: Currently not supported.

ContactField

Supports generic fields in a Contact object. Some properties stored
as ContactField objects include email addresses, phone numbers, and
URLs.

Properties

  • type: A string that indicates what type of field this is, home for example. (DOMString)
  • value: The value of the field, such as a phone number or email address. (DOMString)
  • pref: Set to true if this ContactField contains the user’s preferred value. (boolean)

Details

The ContactField object is a reusable component that represents
contact fields generically. Each ContactField object contains a
value, type, and pref property. A Contact object stores
several properties in ContactField[] arrays, such as phone numbers
and email addresses.

In most instances, there are no pre-determined values for a
ContactField object’s type attribute. For example, a phone
number can specify type values of home, work, mobile,
iPhone, or any other value that is supported by a particular device
platform’s contact database. However, for the Contact photos
field, the type field indicates the format of the returned image:
url when the value attribute contains a URL to the photo
image, or base64 when the value contains a base64-encoded image
string.

Supported Platforms

  • Android
  • BlackBerry WebWorks (OS 5.0 and higher)
  • iOS
  • Windows Phone 7 and 8
  • Windows 8

Quick Example

    // create a new contact
    var contact = navigator.contacts.create();
    // store contact phone numbers in ContactField[]
    var phoneNumbers = [];
    phoneNumbers[0] = new ContactField('work', '212-555-1234', false);
    phoneNumbers[1] = new ContactField('mobile', '917-555-5432', true); // preferred number
    phoneNumbers[2] = new ContactField('home', '203-555-7890', false);
    contact.phoneNumbers = phoneNumbers;
    // save the contact
    contact.save();

Full Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Contact Example</title>
    <script type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8" src="cordova-x.x.x.js"></script>
    <script type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8">
    // Wait for device API libraries to load
    //
    document.addEventListener("deviceready", onDeviceReady, false);
    // device APIs are available
    //
    function onDeviceReady() {
// create a new contact
var contact = navigator.contacts.create();
// store contact phone numbers in ContactField[]
var phoneNumbers = [];
phoneNumbers[0] = new ContactField('work', '212-555-1234', false);
phoneNumbers[1] = new ContactField('mobile', '917-555-5432', true); // preferred number
phoneNumbers[2] = new ContactField('home', '203-555-7890', false);
contact.phoneNumbers = phoneNumbers;
// save the contact
contact.save();
// search contacts, returning display name and phone numbers
var options = new ContactFindOptions();
options.filter = "";
filter = ["displayName", "phoneNumbers"];
navigator.contacts.find(filter, onSuccess, onError, options);
    }
    // onSuccess: Get a snapshot of the current contacts
    //
    function onSuccess(contacts) {
for (var i = 0; i < contacts.length; i++) {
// display phone numbers
for (var j = 0; j < contacts[i].phoneNumbers.length; j++) {
    alert("Type: "      + contacts[i].phoneNumbers[j].type  + "\n" +
  "Value: "     + contacts[i].phoneNumbers[j].value + "\n" +
  "Preferred: " + contacts[i].phoneNumbers[j].pref);
}
}
    };
    // onError: Failed to get the contacts
    //
    function onError(contactError) {
alert('onError!');
    }
    </script>
  </head>
  <body>
    <h2>Example</h2>
    <p>Find Contacts</p>
  </body>
</html>

Android Quirks

  • pref: Not supported, returning false.

BlackBerry WebWorks (OS 5.0 and higher) Quirks

  • type: Partially supported. Used for phone numbers.
  • value: Supported.
  • pref: Not supported, returning false.

iOS Quirks

  • pref: Not supported, returning false.

ContactFindOptions

Contains properties that can be used to filter the results of a contacts.find operation.

Properties

  • filter: The search string used to find contacts. (DOMString) (Default: "")
  • multiple: Determines if the find operation returns multiple contacts. (Boolean) (Default: false)

Supported Platforms

  • Android
  • BlackBerry WebWorks (OS 5.0 and higher)
  • iOS
  • Windows Phone 7 and 8
  • Windows 8

Quick Example

// success callback
function onSuccess(contacts) {
    for (var i=0; i<contacts.length; i++) {
alert(contacts[i].displayName);
    }
};
// error callback
function onError(contactError) {
    alert('onError!');
};
// specify contact search criteria
var options = new ContactFindOptions();
    options.filter="";
// empty search string returns all contacts
    options.multiple=true;    // return multiple results
    filter = ["displayName"]; // return contact.displayName field
    // find contacts
navigator.contacts.find(filter, onSuccess, onError, options);

Full Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Contact Example</title>
    <script type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8" src="cordova-x.x.x.js"></script>
    <script type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8">
    // Wait for device API libraries to load
    //
    document.addEventListener("deviceready", onDeviceReady, false);
    // device APIs are available
    //
    function onDeviceReady() {
// specify contact search criteria
var options = new ContactFindOptions();
options.filter = "";      // empty search string returns all contacts
options.multiple = true;  // return multiple results
filter = ["displayName"]; // return contact.displayName field
// find contacts
navigator.contacts.find(filter, onSuccess, onError, options);
    }
    // onSuccess: Get a snapshot of the current contacts
    //
    function onSuccess(contacts) {
for (var i=0; i<contacts.length; i++) {
alert(contacts[i].displayName);
}
    };
    // onError: Failed to get the contacts
    //
    function onError(contactError) {
alert('onError!');
    }
    </script>
  </head>
  <body>
    <h2>Example</h2>
    <p>Find Contacts</p>
  </body>
</html>

ContactName

Contains different kinds of information about a Contact object’s name.

Properties

  • formatted: The complete name of the contact. (DOMString)
  • familyName: The contact’s family name. (DOMString)
  • givenName: The contact’s given name. (DOMString)
  • middleName: The contact’s middle name. (DOMString)
  • honorificPrefix: The contact’s prefix (example Mr. or Dr.) (DOMString)
  • honorificSuffix: The contact’s suffix (example Esq.). (DOMString)

Details

The ContactName object stores a contact’s name properties.

Supported Platforms

  • Android 2.X
  • BlackBerry WebWorks (OS 5.0 and higher)
  • iOS
  • Windows Phone 7 and 8
  • Windows 8

Quick Example

function onSuccess(contacts) {
    for (var i = 0; i < contacts.length; i++) {
alert("Formatted: "  + contacts[i].name.formatted       + "\n" +
"Family Name: "  + contacts[i].name.familyName      + "\n" +
"Given Name: "   + contacts[i].name.givenName       + "\n" +
"Middle Name: "  + contacts[i].name.middleName      + "\n" +
"Suffix: "       + contacts[i].name.honorificSuffix + "\n" +
"Prefix: "       + contacts[i].name.honorificSuffix);
    }
};
function onError(contactError) {
    alert('onError!');
};
var options = new ContactFindOptions();
options.filter = "";
filter = ["displayName", "name"];
navigator.contacts.find(filter, onSuccess, onError, options);

Full Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Contact Example</title>
    <script type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8" src="cordova-x.x.x.js"></script>
    <script type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8">
    // Wait for device API libraries to load
    //
    document.addEventListener("deviceready", onDeviceReady, false);
    // device APIs are available
    //
    function onDeviceReady() {
var options = new ContactFindOptions();
options.filter="";
filter = ["displayName","name"];
navigator.contacts.find(filter, onSuccess, onError, options);
    }
    // onSuccess: Get a snapshot of the current contacts
    //
    function onSuccess(contacts) {
for (var i = 0; i < contacts.length; i ++) {
alert("Formatted: " + contacts[i].name.formatted       + "\n" +
    "Family Name: " + contacts[i].name.familyName      + "\n" +
    "Given Name: "  + contacts[i].name.givenName       + "\n" +
    "Middle Name: " + contacts[i].name.middleName      + "\n" +
    "Suffix: "      + contacts[i].name.honorificSuffix + "\n" +
    "Prefix: "      + contacts[i].name.honorificPrefix);
}
    };
    // onError: Failed to get the contacts
    //
    function onError(contactError) {
alert('onError!');
    }
    </script>
  </head>
  <body>
    <h2>Example</h2>
    <p>Find Contacts</p>
  </body>
</html>

Android Quirks

  • formatted: Partially supported, and read-only. Returns a concatenation of honorificPrefix, givenName, middleName, familyName, and honorificSuffix.

BlackBerry WebWorks (OS 5.0 and higher) Quirks

  • formatted: Partially supported. Returns a concatenation of BlackBerry firstName and lastName fields.
  • familyName: Supported. Stored in BlackBerry lastName field.
  • givenName: Supported. Stored in BlackBerry firstName field.
  • middleName: Not supported, returning null.
  • honorificPrefix: Not supported, returning null.
  • honorificSuffix: Not supported, returning null.

iOS Quirks

  • formatted: Partially supported. Returns iOS Composite Name, but is read-only.

ContactOrganization

Contains a Contact object’s organization properties.

Properties

  • pref: Set to true if this ContactOrganization contains the user’s preferred value. (boolean)
  • type: A string that indicates what type of field this is, home for example. _(DOMString)
  • name: The name of the organization. (DOMString)
  • department: The department the contract works for. (DOMString)
  • title: The contact’s title at the organization. (DOMString)

Details

The ContactOrganization object stores a contact’s organization
properties. A Contact object stores one or more
ContactOrganization objects in an array.

Supported Platforms

  • Android
  • BlackBerry WebWorks (OS 5.0 and higher)
  • iOS
  • Windows Phone 7 and 8
  • Windows 8

Quick Example

function onSuccess(contacts) {
    for (var i = 0; i < contacts.length; i++) {
for (var j = 0; j < contacts[i].organizations.length; j++) {
alert("Pref: "      + contacts[i].organizations[j].pref       + "\n" +
    "Type: "
+ contacts[i].organizations[j].type       + "\n" +
    "Name: "
+ contacts[i].organizations[j].name       + "\n" +
    "Department: "  + contacts[i].organizations[j].department + "\n" +
    "Title: "       + contacts[i].organizations[j].title);
}
    }
};
function onError(contactError) {
    alert('onError!');
};
var options = new ContactFindOptions();
options.filter = "";
filter = ["displayName", "organizations"];
navigator.contacts.find(filter, onSuccess, onError, options);

Full Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Contact Example</title>
    <script type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8" src="cordova-x.x.x.js"></script>
    <script type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8">
    // Wait for device API libraries to load
    //
    document.addEventListener("deviceready", onDeviceReady, false);
    // device APIs are available
    //
    function onDeviceReady() {
var options = new ContactFindOptions();
options.filter="";
filter = ["displayName","organizations"];
navigator.contacts.find(filter, onSuccess, onError, options);
    }
    // onSuccess: Get a snapshot of the current contacts
    //
    function onSuccess(contacts) {
for (var i = 0; i < contacts.length; i++) {
for (var j = 0; j < contacts[i].organizations.length; j++) {
    alert("Pref: "     + contacts[i].organizations[j].pref       + "\n" +
"Type: "       + contacts[i].organizations[j].type       + "\n" +
"Name: "       + contacts[i].organizations[j].name       + "\n" +
"Department: " + contacts[i].organizations[j].department + "\n" +
"Title: "      + contacts[i].organizations[j].title);
}
}
    };
    // onError: Failed to get the contacts
    //
    function onError(contactError) {
alert('onError!');
    }
    </script>
  </head>
  <body>
    <h2>Example</h2>
    <p>Find Contacts</p>
  </body>
</html>

Android 2.X Quirks

  • pref: Not supported by Android 2.X devices, returning false.

BlackBerry WebWorks (OS 5.0 and higher) Quirks

  • pref: Not supported by Blackberry devices, returning false.
  • type: Not supported by Blackberry devices, returning null.
  • name: Partially supported. The first organization name is stored in the BlackBerry company field.
  • department: Not supported, returning null.
  • title: Partially supported. The first organization title is stored in the BlackBerry jobTitle field.

iOS Quirks

  • pref: Not supported on iOS devices, returning false.
  • type: Not supported on iOS devices, returning null.
  • name: Partially supported. The first organization name is stored in the iOS kABPersonOrganizationProperty field.
  • department: Partially supported. The first department name is stored in the iOS kABPersonDepartmentProperty field.
  • title: Partially supported. The first title is stored in the iOS kABPersonJobTitleProperty field.

ContactError

A ContactError object is passed to the contactError callback when an error occurs.

Properties

  • code: One of the predefined error codes listed below.

Constants

  • ContactError.UNKNOWN_ERROR
  • ContactError.INVALID_ARGUMENT_ERROR
  • ContactError.TIMEOUT_ERROR
  • ContactError.PENDING_OPERATION_ERROR
  • ContactError.IO_ERROR
  • ContactError.NOT_SUPPORTED_ERROR
  • ContactError.PERMISSION_DENIED_ERROR

Description

The ContactError object is returned to the user through the
contactError callback function when an error occurs.


contactSuccess

Success callback function that provides the Contact array resulting from a contacts.find operation.

function(contacts) {
    // Do something
}

Parameters

  • contacts: The contact array resulting from a find operation. (Contact)

Example

function contactSuccess(contacts) {
    for (var i=0; i<contacts.length; i++) {
console.log("Display Name = " + contacts[i].displayName);
    }
}

contactError

Error callback function for contact functions.

function(error) {
    // Handle the error
}

contactFields

Required parameter for the contacts.find method, used to specify which fields should be included in the Contact objects resulting from a find operation.

["name", "phoneNumbers", "emails"]

contactFindOptions

Optional parameter of the contacts.find method, used to filter the
contacts returned from the contacts database.

{
  filter: "",
  multiple: true,
};

Options

  • filter: The search string used to filter contacts. (DOMString) (Default: "")
  • multiple: Determines if the find operation returns multiple contacts. (Boolean) (Default: false)

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