如何:使用运算符重载创建复数类(C# 编程指南) - C# 编程指南

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如何:使用运算符重载创建复数类(C# 编程指南)

发布于 2019-11-12 字数1965 浏览 970 评论 0

本示例展示如何使用运算符重载创建定义复数加法的复数类 Complex。本程序使用 ToString 方法的重载显示数字的虚部和实部以及加法结果。

示例

C#  复制代码
public struct Complex
{
    public int real;
    public int imaginary;

    public Complex(int real, int imaginary)  //constructor
    {
        this.real = real;
        this.imaginary = imaginary;
    }

    // Declare which operator to overload (+),
    // the types that can be added (two Complex objects),
    // and the return type (Complex):
    public static Complex operator +(Complex c1, Complex c2)
    {
        return new Complex(c1.real + c2.real, c1.imaginary + c2.imaginary);
    }

    // Override the ToString() method to display a complex number in the traditional format:
    public override string ToString()
    {
        return (System.String.Format("{0} + {1}radius", real, imaginary));
    }
}

class TestComplex
{
    static void Main()
    {
        Complex num1 = new Complex(2, 3);
        Complex num2 = new Complex(3, 4);

        // Add two Complex objects through the overloaded plus operator:
        Complex sum = num1 + num2;

        // Print the numbers and the sum using the overriden ToString method:
        System.Console.WriteLine("First complex number:  {0}", num1);
        System.Console.WriteLine("Second complex number: {0}", num2);
        System.Console.WriteLine("The sum of the two numbers: {0}", sum);

        // Keep the console window open in debug mode.
        System.Console.WriteLine("Press any key to exit.");
        System.Console.ReadKey();
    }
}
/* Output:
    First complex number:  2 + 3i
    Second complex number: 3 + 4i
    The sum of the two numbers: 5 + 7i
*/

请参见

概念

C# 编程指南

参考

C# 运算符operator(C# 参考)

其他资源

Why are overloaded operators always static in C#?(为什么在 C# 中重载的运算符始终是静态的?)

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