返回介绍

与其它构建工具整合

发布于 2019-08-13 字数6234 浏览 906 评论 0

Build tools

  • Babel
  • Browserify
  • Duo
  • Grunt
  • Gulp
  • Jspm
  • Webpack
  • MSBuild
  • NuGet

安装

npm install @babel/cli @babel/core @babel/preset-typescript --save-dev

.babelrc

{
  "presets": ["@babel/preset-typescript"]
}

使用命令行工具

./node_modules/.bin/babel --out-file bundle.js src/index.ts

package.json

{
  "scripts": {
    "build": "babel --out-file bundle.js main.ts"
  },
}

在命令行上运行Babel

npm run build

安装

npm install tsify

使用命令行交互

browserify main.ts -p [ tsify --noImplicitAny ] > bundle.js

使用API

var browserify = require("browserify");
var tsify = require("tsify");

browserify()
    .add('main.ts')
    .plugin('tsify', { noImplicitAny: true })
    .bundle()
    .pipe(process.stdout);

更多详细信息:smrq/tsify

安装

npm install duo-typescript

使用命令行交互

duo --use duo-typescript entry.ts

使用API

var Duo = require('duo');
var fs = require('fs')
var path = require('path')
var typescript = require('duo-typescript');

var out = path.join(__dirname, "output.js")

Duo(__dirname)
    .entry('entry.ts')
    .use(typescript())
    .run(function (err, results) {
        if (err) throw err;
        // Write compiled result to output file
        fs.writeFileSync(out, results.code);
    });

更多详细信息:frankwallis/duo-typescript

安装

npm install grunt-ts

基本Gruntfile.js

module.exports = function(grunt) {
    grunt.initConfig({
        ts: {
            default : {
                src: ["**/*.ts", "!node_modules/**/*.ts"]
            }
        }
    });
    grunt.loadNpmTasks("grunt-ts");
    grunt.registerTask("default", ["ts"]);
};

更多详细信息:TypeStrong/grunt-ts

安装

npm install gulp-typescript

基本gulpfile.js

var gulp = require("gulp");
var ts = require("gulp-typescript");

gulp.task("default", function () {
    var tsResult = gulp.src("src/*.ts")
        .pipe(ts({
              noImplicitAny: true,
              out: "output.js"
        }));
    return tsResult.js.pipe(gulp.dest('built/local'));
});

更多详细信息:ivogabe/gulp-typescript

安装

npm install -g jspm@beta

注意:目前jspm的0.16beta版本支持TypeScript

更多详细信息:TypeScriptSamples/jspm

安装

npm install ts-loader --save-dev

Webpack 2 webpack.config.js 基础配置

module.exports = {
    entry: "./src/index.tsx",
    output: {
        path: '/',
        filename: "bundle.js"
    },
    resolve: {
        extensions: [".tsx", ".ts", ".js", ".json"]
    },
    module: {
        rules: [
            // all files with a '.ts' or '.tsx' extension will be handled by 'ts-loader'
            { test: /\.tsx?$/, use: ["ts-loader"], exclude: /node_modules/ }
        ]
    }
}

Webpack 1 webpack.config.js 基础配置

module.exports = {
    entry: "./src/index.tsx",
    output: {
        filename: "bundle.js"
    },
    resolve: {
        // Add '.ts' and '.tsx' as a resolvable extension.
        extensions: ["", ".webpack.js", ".web.js", ".ts", ".tsx", ".js"]
    },
    module: {
        loaders: [
            // all files with a '.ts' or '.tsx' extension will be handled by 'ts-loader'
            { test: /\.tsx?$/, loader: "ts-loader" }
        ]
    }
};

查看更多关于ts-loader的详细信息

或者

  • awesome-typescript-loader

更新工程文件,包含本地安装的Microsoft.TypeScript.Default.props(在顶端)和Microsoft.TypeScript.targets(在底部)文件:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<Project ToolsVersion="4.0" DefaultTargets="Build" xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/developer/msbuild/2003">
  <!-- Include default props at the top -->
  <Import
      Project="$(MSBuildExtensionsPath32)\Microsoft\VisualStudio\v$(VisualStudioVersion)\TypeScript\Microsoft.TypeScript.Default.props"
      Condition="Exists('$(MSBuildExtensionsPath32)\Microsoft\VisualStudio\v$(VisualStudioVersion)\TypeScript\Microsoft.TypeScript.Default.props')" />

  <!-- TypeScript configurations go here -->
  <PropertyGroup Condition="'$(Configuration)' == 'Debug'">
    <TypeScriptRemoveComments>false</TypeScriptRemoveComments>
    <TypeScriptSourceMap>true</TypeScriptSourceMap>
  </PropertyGroup>
  <PropertyGroup Condition="'$(Configuration)' == 'Release'">
    <TypeScriptRemoveComments>true</TypeScriptRemoveComments>
    <TypeScriptSourceMap>false</TypeScriptSourceMap>
  </PropertyGroup>

  <!-- Include default targets at the bottom -->
  <Import
      Project="$(MSBuildExtensionsPath32)\Microsoft\VisualStudio\v$(VisualStudioVersion)\TypeScript\Microsoft.TypeScript.targets"
      Condition="Exists('$(MSBuildExtensionsPath32)\Microsoft\VisualStudio\v$(VisualStudioVersion)\TypeScript\Microsoft.TypeScript.targets')" />
</Project>

关于配置MSBuild编译器选项的更多详细信息,请参考:在MSBuild里使用编译选项

  • 右键点击 -> Manage NuGet Packages
  • 查找Microsoft.TypeScript.MSBuild
  • 点击Install
  • 安装完成后,Rebuild。

更多详细信息请参考Package Manager Dialog和using nightly builds with NuGet

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