Android-如何将中文简体转化为拼音?

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Android-如何将中文简体转化为拼音?

虐人心 发布于 2017-08-12 字数 109 浏览 1140 回复 3

如何实现这样的程序,或者是不是有这样的类库能实现将一个人名翻译成拼音,
如张三,翻译为 ZHANG SAN。

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偏爱自由 2017-10-28 3 楼

1.先说个最简单的方法,有第三方的工具,pinyin4j.jar,现在应该是2.5版本了,只支持GB2312版本的汉字
2.代码实现其实就是asc2玛的比对工作,源码网上一搜一大堆

甜柠檬 2017-10-06 2 楼

这个无非就定义好每个汉字的Ascii码对应的拼音,然后再对其进行转换,这个应该不难吧,这个是网上别人写的,我引用在这里

/**

  • 将汉字转换为拼音

  • @author Champion.Wong

  • /
    public class Trans2PinYin {
    private static int[] pyvalue = new int[] { -20319, -20317, -20304, -20295,
    -20292, -20283, -20265, -20257, -20242, -20230, -20051, -20036,
    -20032, -20026, -20002, -19990, -19986, -19982, -19976, -19805,
    -19784, -19775, -19774, -19763, -19756, -19751, -19746, -19741,
    -19739, -19728, -19725, -19715, -19540, -19531, -19525, -19515,
    -19500, -19484, -19479, -19467, -19289, -19288, -19281, -19275,
    -19270, -19263, -19261, -19249, -19243, -19242, -19238, -19235,
    -19227, -19224, -19218, -19212, -19038, -19023, -19018, -19006,
    -19003, -18996, -18977, -18961, -18952, -18783, -18774, -18773,
    -18763, -18756, -18741, -18735, -18731, -18722, -18710, -18697,
    -18696, -18526, -18518, -18501, -18490, -18478, -18463, -18448,
    -18447, -18446, -18239, -18237, -18231, -18220, -18211, -18201,
    -18184, -18183, -18181, -18012, -17997, -17988, -17970, -17964,
    -17961, -17950, -17947, -17931, -17928, -17922, -17759, -17752,
    -17733, -17730, -17721, -17703, -17701, -17697, -17692, -17683,
    -17676, -17496, -17487, -17482, -17468, -17454, -17433, -17427,
    -17417, -17202, -17185, -16983, -16970, -16942, -16915, -16733,
    -16708, -16706, -16689, -16664, -16657, -16647, -16474, -16470,
    -16465, -16459, -16452, -16448, -16433, -16429, -16427, -16423,
    -16419, -16412, -16407, -16403, -16401, -16393, -16220, -16216,
    -16212, -16205, -16202, -16187, -16180, -16171, -16169, -16158,
    -16155, -15959, -15958, -15944, -15933, -15920, -15915, -15903,
    -15889, -15878, -15707, -15701, -15681, -15667, -15661, -15659,
    -15652, -15640, -15631, -15625, -15454, -15448, -15436, -15435,
    -15419, -15416, -15408, -15394, -15385, -15377, -15375, -15369,
    -15363, -15362, -15183, -15180, -15165, -15158, -15153, -15150,
    -15149, -15144, -15143, -15141, -15140, -15139, -15128, -15121,
    -15119, -15117, -15110, -15109, -14941, -14937, -14933, -14930,
    -14929, -14928, -14926, -14922, -14921, -14914, -14908, -14902,
    -14894, -14889, -14882, -14873, -14871, -14857, -14678, -14674,
    -14670, -14668, -14663, -14654, -14645, -14630, -14594, -14429,
    -14407, -14399, -14384, -14379, -14368, -14355, -14353, -14345,
    -14170, -14159, -14151, -14149, -14145, -14140, -14137, -14135,
    -14125, -14123, -14122, -14112, -14109, -14099, -14097, -14094,
    -14092, -14090, -14087, -14083, -13917, -13914, -13910, -13907,
    -13906, -13905, -13896, -13894, -13878, -13870, -13859, -13847,
    -13831, -13658, -13611, -13601, -13406, -13404, -13400, -13398,
    -13395, -13391, -13387, -13383, -13367, -13359, -13356, -13343,
    -13340, -13329, -13326, -13318, -13147, -13138, -13120, -13107,
    -13096, -13095, -13091, -13076, -13068, -13063, -13060, -12888,
    -12875, -12871, -12860, -12858, -12852, -12849, -12838, -12831,
    -12829, -12812, -12802, -12607, -12597, -12594, -12585, -12556,
    -12359, -12346, -12320, -12300, -12120, -12099, -12089, -12074,
    -12067, -12058, -12039, -11867, -11861, -11847, -11831, -11798,
    -11781, -11604, -11589, -11536, -11358, -11340, -11339, -11324,
    -11303, -11097, -11077, -11067, -11055, -11052, -11045, -11041,
    -11038, -11024, -11020, -11019, -11018, -11014, -10838, -10832,
    -10815, -10800, -10790, -10780, -10764, -10587, -10544, -10533,
    -10519, -10331, -10329, -10328, -10322, -10315, -10309, -10307,
    -10296, -10281, -10274, -10270, -10262, -10260, -10256, -10254 };
    private static String[] pystr = new String[] { "a", "ai", "an", "ang",
    "ao", "ba", "bai", "ban", "bang", "bao", "bei", "ben", "beng",
    "bi", "bian", "biao", "bie", "bin", "bing", "bo", "bu", "ca",
    "cai", "can", "cang", "cao", "ce", "ceng", "cha", "chai", "chan",
    "chang", "chao", "che", "chen", "cheng", "chi", "chong", "chou",
    "chu", "chuai", "chuan", "chuang", "chui", "chun", "chuo", "ci",
    "cong", "cou", "cu", "cuan", "cui", "cun", "cuo", "da", "dai",
    "dan", "dang", "dao", "de", "deng", "di", "dian", "diao", "die",
    "ding", "diu", "dong", "dou", "du", "duan", "dui", "dun", "duo",
    "e", "en", "er", "fa", "fan", "fang", "fei", "fen", "feng", "fo",
    "fou", "fu", "ga", "gai", "gan", "gang", "gao", "ge", "gei", "gen",
    "geng", "gong", "gou", "gu", "gua", "guai", "guan", "guang", "gui",
    "gun", "guo", "ha", "hai", "han", "hang", "hao", "he", "hei",
    "hen", "heng", "hong", "hou", "hu", "hua", "huai", "huan", "huang",
    "hui", "hun", "huo", "ji", "jia", "jian", "jiang", "jiao", "jie",
    "jin", "jing", "jiong", "jiu", "ju", "juan", "jue", "jun", "ka",
    "kai", "kan", "kang", "kao", "ke", "ken", "keng", "kong", "kou",
    "ku", "kua", "kuai", "kuan", "kuang", "kui", "kun", "kuo", "la",
    "lai", "lan", "lang", "lao", "le", "lei", "leng", "li", "lia",
    "lian", "liang", "liao", "lie", "lin", "ling", "liu", "long",
    "lou", "lu", "lv", "luan", "lue", "lun", "luo", "ma", "mai", "man",
    "mang", "mao", "me", "mei", "men", "meng", "mi", "mian", "miao",
    "mie", "min", "ming", "miu", "mo", "mou", "mu", "na", "nai", "nan",
    "nang", "nao", "ne", "nei", "nen", "neng", "ni", "nian", "niang",
    "niao", "nie", "nin", "ning", "niu", "nong", "nu", "nv", "nuan",
    "nue", "nuo", "o", "ou", "pa", "pai", "pan", "pang", "pao", "pei",
    "pen", "peng", "pi", "pian", "piao", "pie", "pin", "ping", "po",
    "pu", "qi", "qia", "qian", "qiang", "qiao", "qie", "qin", "qing",
    "qiong", "qiu", "qu", "quan", "que", "qun", "ran", "rang", "rao",
    "re", "ren", "reng", "ri", "rong", "rou", "ru", "ruan", "rui",
    "run", "ruo", "sa", "sai", "san", "sang", "sao", "se", "sen",
    "seng", "sha", "shai", "shan", "shang", "shao", "she", "shen",
    "sheng", "shi", "shou", "shu", "shua", "shuai", "shuan", "shuang",
    "shui", "shun", "shuo", "si", "song", "sou", "su", "suan", "sui",
    "sun", "suo", "ta", "tai", "tan", "tang", "tao", "te", "teng",
    "ti", "tian", "tiao", "tie", "ting", "tong", "tou", "tu", "tuan",
    "tui", "tun", "tuo", "wa", "wai", "wan", "wang", "wei", "wen",
    "weng", "wo", "wu", "xi", "xia", "xian", "xiang", "xiao", "xie",
    "xin", "xing", "xiong", "xiu", "xu", "xuan", "xue", "xun", "ya",
    "yan", "yang", "yao", "ye", "yi", "yin", "ying", "yo", "yong",
    "you", "yu", "yuan", "yue", "yun", "za", "zai", "zan", "zang",
    "zao", "ze", "zei", "zen", "zeng", "zha", "zhai", "zhan", "zhang",
    "zhao", "zhe", "zhen", "zheng", "zhi", "zhong", "zhou", "zhu",
    "zhua", "zhuai", "zhuan", "zhuang", "zhui", "zhun", "zhuo", "zi",
    "zong", "zou", "zu", "zuan", "zui", "zun", "zuo" };
    private StringBuilder buffer;
    private String resource;
    private static Trans2PinYin chineseSpelling = new Trans2PinYin();
    public static Trans2PinYin getInstance() {
    return chineseSpelling;
    }
    public String getResource() {
    return resource;
    }
    public void setResource(String resource) {
    this.resource = resource;
    }
    private int getChsAscii(String chs) {
    int asc = 0;
    try {
    byte[] bytes = chs.getBytes("gb2312");
    if (bytes == null || bytes.length > 2 || bytes.length <= 0) { // 错误
    // log
    throw new RuntimeException("illegal resource string");
    // System.out.println("error");
    }
    if (bytes.length == 1) { // 英文字符
    asc = bytes[0];
    }
    if (bytes.length == 2) { // 中文字符
    int hightByte = 256 + bytes[0];
    int lowByte = 256 + bytes[1];
    asc = (256
    hightByte + lowByte) - 256 * 256;
    }
    } catch (Exception e) {
    System.out
    .println("ERROR:ChineseSpelling.class-getChsAscii(String chs)"

    • e);
      // e.printStackTrace();
      }
      return asc;
      }
      /**
    • 转换单个汉字
    • @param str
    • @return
      */
      public String convert(String str) {
      String result = null;
      int ascii = getChsAscii(str);
      if (ascii > 0 && ascii < 160) {
      result = String.valueOf((char) ascii);
      } else {
      for (int i = (pyvalue.length - 1); i >= 0; i--) {
      if (pyvalue[i] <= ascii) {
      result = pystr[i];
      break;
      }
      }
      }
      return result;
      }
      /**
    • 转换一个或多个汉字
    • @param str
    • @return
      */
      public String convertAll(String str) {
      String result = "";
      String strTemp = null;
      for (int j = 0; j < str.length(); j++) {
      strTemp = str.substring(j, j + 1);
      int ascii = getChsAscii(strTemp);
      if (ascii > 0 && ascii < 160) {
      result += String.valueOf((char) ascii);
      } else {
      for (int i = (pyvalue.length - 1); i >= 0; i--) {
      if (pyvalue[i] <= ascii) {
      result += pystr[i];
      break;
      }
      }
      }
      }
      return result;
      }
      public String getSelling(String chs) {
      String key, value;
      buffer = new StringBuilder();
      for (int i = 0; i < chs.length(); i++) {
      key = chs.substring(i, i + 1);
      if (key.getBytes().length == 2) {
      value = (String) convert(key);
      if (value == null) {
      value = "unknown";
      }
      } else {
      value = key;
      }
      buffer.append(value);
      }
      return buffer.toString();
      }
      public String getSpelling() {
      return this.getSelling(this.getResource());
      }

    /**

    • 转换为拼音
    • @param str
    • @return
      */
      public static String trans2PinYin(String str) {
      return Trans2PinYin.getInstance().convertAll(str);
      }
      public static void main(String[] args) {
      String str = "你好,Hello!";
      //String strPinYin = new Trans2PinYin().convertAll(str);
      String strPinYin = trans2PinYin(str);
      System.out.println(strPinYin);
      }
      }
灵芸 2017-08-24 1 楼

网上有很多,测试了一个可以用的java版本

import java.util.HashSet;
import java.util.Set;

import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.PinyinHelper;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.HanyuPinyinCaseType;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.HanyuPinyinOutputFormat;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.HanyuPinyinToneType;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.HanyuPinyinVCharType;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.exception.BadHanyuPinyinOutputFormatCombination;

public class pinyin4j {

/**

  • 字符串集合转换字符串(逗号分隔)
  • @author wyh
  • @param stringSet
  • @return
    */
    public static String makeStringByStringSet(Set<String> stringSet){
    StringBuilder str = new StringBuilder();
    int i=0;
    for(String s : stringSet){
    if(i == stringSet.size() - 1){
    str.append(s);
    }else{
    str.append(s + ",");
    }
    i++;
    }
    return str.toString().toLowerCase();
    }

/**

  • 获取拼音集合
  • @author wyh
  • @param src
  • @return Set<String>
    */
    public static Set<String> getPinyin(String src){
    if(src!=null && !src.trim().equalsIgnoreCase("")){
    char[] srcChar ;
    srcChar=src.toCharArray();
    //汉语拼音格式输出类
    HanyuPinyinOutputFormat hanYuPinOutputFormat = new HanyuPinyinOutputFormat();

//输出设置,大小写,音标方式等
hanYuPinOutputFormat.setCaseType(HanyuPinyinCaseType.LOWERCASE);
hanYuPinOutputFormat.setToneType(HanyuPinyinToneType.WITHOUT_TONE)
hanYuPinOutputFormat.setVCharType(HanyuPinyinVCharType.WITH_V);

String[][] temp = new String[src.length()][];
for(int i=0;i<srcChar.length;i++){
char c = srcChar[i];
//是中文或者a-z或者A-Z转换拼音(我的需求,是保留中文或者a-z或者A-Z)
if(String.valueOf(c).matches("[\u4E00-\u9FA5]+")){
try{
temp[i] = PinyinHelper.toHanyuPinyinStringArray(srcChar[i], hanYuPinOutputFormat);
}catch(BadHanyuPinyinOutputFormatCombination e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
}else if(((int)c>=65 && (int)c<=90) || ((int)c>=97 && (int)c<=122)){
temp[i] = new String[]{String.valueOf(srcChar[i])};
}else{
temp[i] = new String[]{""};
}
}
String[] pingyinArray = Exchange(temp);
Set<String> pinyinSet = new HashSet<String>();
for(int i=0;i<pingyinArray.length;i++){
pinyinSet.add(pingyinArray[i]);
}
return pinyinSet;
}
return null;
}

/**

  • 递归

  • @author wyh

  • @param strJaggedArray

  • @return
    */
    public static String[] Exchange(String[][] strJaggedArray){
    String[][] temp = DoExchange(strJaggedArray);
    return temp[0];
    }

    /**

    • 递归
    • @author wyh
    • @param strJaggedArray
    • @return
      /
      private static String[][] DoExchange(String[][] strJaggedArray){
      int len = strJaggedArray.length;
      if(len >= 2){
      int len1 = strJaggedArray[0].length;
      int len2 = strJaggedArray[1].length;
      int newlen = len1
      len2;
      String[] temp = new String[newlen];
      int Index = 0;
      for(int i=0;i<len1;i++){
      for(int j=0;j<len2;j++){
      temp[Index] = strJaggedArray[0][i] + strJaggedArray[1][j];
      Index ++;
      }
      }
      String[][] newArray = new String[len-1][];
      for(int i=2;i<len;i++){
      newArray[i-1] = strJaggedArray[i];
      }
      newArray[0] = temp;
      return DoExchange(newArray);
      }else{
      return strJaggedArray;
      }
      }

/**

  • @param args
    */
    public static void main(String[] args) {
    String str = "单田芳";
    System.out.println(makeStringByStringSet(getPinyin(str)));

}

}