PHP-php 怎么实现消息队列

PHP-php 怎么实现消息队列

晚风撩人 发布于 2017-01-08 字数 99 浏览 1239 回复 6

在做发送邮件系统时,因为发送大量邮件很费时间,提出方案是采用队列的方式,请问下队列要怎么实现

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泛泛之交 2017-10-31 6 楼

这是有基于PHP共享内存实现的消息队列可以参考,代码来源于网络

 <?php
/**
* 使用共享内存的PHP循环内存队列实现
* 支持多进程, 支持各种数据类型的存储
* 注: 完成入队或出队操作,尽快使用unset(), 以释放临界区
*
* @author wangbinandi@gmail.com
* @created 2009-12-23
*/
class ShmQueue
{
private $maxQSize = 0; // 队列最大长度

private $front = 0; // 队头指针
private $rear = 0; // 队尾指针

private $blockSize = 256; // 块的大小(byte)
private $memSize = 25600; // 最大共享内存(byte)
private $shmId = 0;

private $filePtr = './shmq.ptr';

private $semId = 0;
public function __construct()
{
$shmkey = ftok(__FILE__, 't');

$this->shmId = shmop_open($shmkey, "c", 0644, $this->memSize );
$this->maxQSize = $this->memSize / $this->blockSize;

// 申請一个信号量
$this->semId = sem_get($shmkey, 1);
sem_acquire($this->semId); // 申请进入临界区

$this->init();
}

private function init()
{
if ( file_exists($this->filePtr) ){
$contents = file_get_contents($this->filePtr);
$data = explode( '|', $contents );
if ( isset($data[0]) && isset($data[1])){
$this->front = (int)$data[0];
$this->rear = (int)$data[1];
}
}
}

public function getLength()
{
return (($this->rear - $this->front + $this->memSize) % ($this->memSize) )/$this->blockSize;
}

public function enQueue( $value )
{
if ( $this->ptrInc($this->rear) == $this->front ){ // 队满
return false;
}

$data = $this->encode($value);
shmop_write($this->shmId, $data, $this->rear );
$this->rear = $this->ptrInc($this->rear);
return true;
}

public function deQueue()
{
if ( $this->front == $this->rear ){ // 队空
return false;
}
$value = shmop_read($this->shmId, $this->front, $this->blockSize-1);
$this->front = $this->ptrInc($this->front);
return $this->decode($value);
}

private function ptrInc( $ptr )
{
return ($ptr + $this->blockSize) % ($this->memSize);
}

private function encode( $value )
{
$data = serialize($value) . "__eof";
echo '';

echo strlen($data);
echo '';

echo $this->blockSize -1;
echo '';

if ( strlen($data) > $this->blockSize -1 ){
throw new Exception(strlen($data)." is overload block size!");
}
return $data;
}

private function decode( $value )
{
$data = explode("__eof", $value);
return unserialize($data[0]);
}

public function __destruct()
{
$data = $this->front . '|' . $this->rear;
file_put_contents($this->filePtr, $data);

sem_release($this->semId); // 出临界区, 释放信号量
}
}

/*
// 进队操作
$shmq = new ShmQueue();
$data = 'test data';
$shmq->enQueue($data);
unset($shmq);
// 出队操作
$shmq = new ShmQueue();
$data = $shmq->deQueue();
unset($shmq);
*/
?>

灵芸 2017-08-21 5 楼

我看这篇文章也应该对你有启发,你参考下:
Memcache 一般用于缓存服务。但是很多时候,比如一个消息广播系统,需要一个消息队列。直接从数据库取消息,负载往往不行。如果将整个消息队列用一个key缓存到memcache里面,

对于一个很大的消息队列,频繁进行进行大数据库的序列化 和 反序列化,有太耗费。下面是我用PHP 实现的一个消息队列,只需要在尾部插入一个数据,就操作尾部,不用操作整个消息队列进行读取,与操作。但是,这个消息队列不是线程安全的,我只是尽量的避免了冲突的可能性。如果消息不是非常的密集,比如几秒钟才一个,还是可以考虑这样使用的。

如果你要实现线程安全的,一个建议是通过文件进行锁定,然后进行操作。下面是代码:
class Memcache_Queue
{
private $memcache;

private $name;

private $prefix;

function __construct($maxSize, $name, $memcache, $prefix = "__memcache_queue__")
{
if ($memcache == null) {
throw new Exception("memcache object is null, new the object first.");
}
$this->memcache = $memcache;
$this->name = $name;
$this->prefix = $prefix;

$this->maxSize = $maxSize;
$this->front = 0;
$this->real = 0;
$this->size = 0;
}

function __get($name)
{
return $this->get($name);
}

function __set($name, $value)
{
$this->add($name, $value);
return $this;
}

function isEmpty()
{
return $this->size == 0;
}

function isFull()
{
return $this->size == $this->maxSize;
}

function enQueue($data)
{
if ($this->isFull()) {
throw new Exception("Queue is Full");
}
$this->increment("size");
$this->set($this->real, $data);
$this->set("real", ($this->real + 1) % $this->maxSize);
return $this;
}

function deQueue()
{
if ($this->isEmpty()) {
throw new Exception("Queue is Empty");
}
$this->decrement("size");
$this->delete($this->front);
$this->set("front", ($this->front + 1) % $this->maxSize);
return $this;
}

function getTop()
{
return $this->get($this->front);
}

function getAll()
{
return $this->getPage();
}

function getPage($offset = 0, $limit = 0)
{
if ($this->isEmpty() || $this->size < $offset) {
return null;
}
$keys[] = $this->getKeyByPos(($this->front + $offset) % $this->maxSize);
$num = 1;
for ($pos = ($this->front + $offset + 1) % $this->maxSize; $pos != $this->real; $pos = ($pos + 1) % $this->maxSize)
{
$keys[] = $this->getKeyByPos($pos);
$num++;
if ($limit > 0 && $limit == $num) {
break;
}
}
return array_values($this->memcache->get($keys));
}

function makeEmpty()
{
$keys = $this->getAllKeys();
foreach ($keys as $value) {
$this->delete($value);
}
$this->delete("real");
$this->delete("front");
$this->delete("size");
$this->delete("maxSize");
}

private function getAllKeys()
{
if ($this->isEmpty())
{
return array();
}
$keys[] = $this->getKeyByPos($this->front);
for ($pos = ($this->front + 1) % $this->maxSize; $pos != $this->real; $pos = ($pos + 1) % $this->maxSize)
{
$keys[] = $this->getKeyByPos($pos);
}
return $keys;
}

private function add($pos, $data)
{
$this->memcache->add($this->getKeyByPos($pos), $data);
return $this;
}

private function increment($pos)
{
return $this->memcache->increment($this->getKeyByPos($pos));
}

private function decrement($pos)
{
$this->memcache->decrement($this->getKeyByPos($pos));
}

private function set($pos, $data)
{
$this->memcache->set($this->getKeyByPos($pos), $data);
return $this;
}

private function get($pos)
{
return $this->memcache->get($this->getKeyByPos($pos));
}

private function delete($pos)
{
return $this->memcache->delete($this->getKeyByPos($pos));
}

private function getKeyByPos($pos)
{
return $this->prefix . $this->name . $pos;
}
}

来自:http://www.jzxue.com/wangzhankaifa/php/200911/17-3131.html

偏爱自由 2017-07-19 4 楼

php中可以用memcache/memecached来实现消息队列。

<?php
/**
* Memcache 消息队列类
*/

class QMC {
const PREFIX = 'ASDFASDFFWQKE';

/**
* 初始化mc
* @staticvar string $mc
* @return Memcache
*/
static private function mc_init() {
static $mc = null;
if (is_null($mc)) {
$mc = new Memcache;
$mc->connect('127.0.0.1', 11211);
}
return $mc;
}
/**
* mc 计数器,增加计数并返回新的计数
* @param string $key 计数器
* @param int $offset 计数增量,可为负数.0为不改变计数
* @param int $time 时间
* @return int/false 失败是返回false,成功时返回更新计数器后的计数
*/
static public function set_counter( $key, $offset, $time=0 ){
$mc = self::mc_init();
$val = $mc->get($key);
if( !is_numeric($val) || $val < 0 ){
$ret = $mc->set( $key, 0, $time );
if( !$ret ) return false;
$val = 0;
}
$offset = intval( $offset );
if( $offset > 0 ){
return $mc->increment( $key, $offset );
}elseif( $offset < 0 ){
return $mc->decrement( $key, -$offset );
}
return $val;
}

/**
* 写入队列
* @param string $key
* @param mixed $value
* @return bool
*/
static public function input( $key, $value ){
$mc = self::mc_init();
$w_key = self::PREFIX.$key.'W';
$v_key = self::PREFIX.$key.self::set_counter($w_key, 1);
return $mc->set( $v_key, $value );
}
/**
* 读取队列里的数据
* @param string $key
* @param int $max 最多读取条数
* @return array
*/
static public function output( $key, $max=100 ){
$out = array();
$mc = self::mc_init();
$r_key = self::PREFIX.$key.'R';
$w_key = self::PREFIX.$key.'W';
$r_p = self::set_counter( $r_key, 0 );//读指针
$w_p = self::set_counter( $w_key, 0 );//写指针
if( $r_p == 0 ) $r_p = 1;
while( $w_p >= $r_p ){
if( --$max < 0 ) break;
$v_key = self::PREFIX.$key.$r_p;
$r_p = self::set_counter( $r_key, 1 );
$out[] = $mc->get( $v_key );
$mc->delete($v_key);
}
return $out;
}
}
/**
使用方法:
QMC::input($key, $value );//写入队列
$list = QMC::output($key);//读取队列
*/
?>

偏爱自由 2017-05-23 3 楼

PHP只是个做网页的脚本而已,满足不了你的需求。可以用memcache或者redis来实现。
也有专门的消息队列产品,如zeroMQ,还有JAVA实习的Jactor

偏爱自由 2017-04-29 2 楼

就是将你发送的邮件列表存入一个表中然后通过,然后通过shell逐个记录读取进行发送,你也可以再建一个日志表记录发送情况,以便你进行查询,下次再进行发送。

夜无邪 2017-03-12 1 楼

redis直接提供队列,直接用就好
php自己实现的话需要配合共享内存或者数据库或者nosql,需要自己解决各种问题,比如并发下的锁