How to set decimal separators in ASP.NET MVC controllers?

How to set decimal separators in ASP.NET MVC controllers?

反目相谮 发布于 2021-11-26 字数 946 浏览 690 回复 4 原文

I'm working with the NerdDinner application trying to teach myself ASP.NET MVC. However, I have stumbled upon a problem with globalization, where my server presents floating point numbers with a comma as the decimal separator, but Virtual Earth map requires them with dots, which causes some problems.

I have already solved the issue with the mapping JavaScript in my views, but if I now try to post an edited dinner entry with dots as decimal separators the controller fails (throwing InvalidOperationException) when updating the model (in the UpdateModel() metod). I feel like I must set the proper culture somewhere in the controller as well, I tried it in OnActionExecuting() but that didn't help.

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彩扇题诗 2022-06-07 4 楼

I have a different take on this, you might like it. What I don't like about the accepted answer is it doesn't check for other characters. I know there will be a case where the currency symbol will be in the box because my user doesn't know better. So yeah I can check in javascript to remove it, but what if for some reason javascript isn't on? Then extra characters might get through. Or if someone tries to spam you passing unknown characters through... who knows! So I decided to use a regex. It's a bit slower, tiny fraction slower - for my case it was 1,000,000 iterations of the regex took just under 3 seconds, while around 1 second to do a string replace on a coma and period. But seeing as I don't know what characters might come through, then I am happy for this slightest of performance hits.

public class DecimalModelBinder : DefaultModelBinder
{
    public override object BindModel(ControllerContext controllerContext,
                                     ModelBindingContext bindingContext)
    {
        string modelName = bindingContext.ModelName;
        string attemptedValue =
            bindingContext.ValueProvider.GetValue(modelName).AttemptedValue;

        if (bindingContext.ModelMetadata.IsNullableValueType
                && string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(attemptedValue))
        {
            return null;
        }

        if (string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(attemptedValue))
        {
            return decimal.Zero;
        }

        decimal value = decimal.Zero;
        Regex digitsOnly = new Regex(@"[^d]", RegexOptions.Compiled);
        var numbersOnly = digitsOnly.Replace(attemptedValue, "");
        if (!string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(numbersOnly))
        {
            var numbers = Convert.ToDecimal(numbersOnly);
            value = (numbers / 100m);

            return value;
        }
        else
        {
            if (bindingContext.ModelMetadata.IsNullableValueType)
            {
                return null;
            }

        }

        return value;
    }
}

Basically, remove all characters that are not digits, for a string that isn't empty. Convert to decimal. Divide by 100. Return result.

Works for me.

妖妓 2022-06-07 3 楼

Can you parse the text using the invariant culture - sorry, I don't have the NerdDinner code in fornt of me, but if you are passing in dot-separated decimals than the parsing should be OK if you tell it to use the invariant culture. E.g.

 float i = float.Parse("0.1", CultureInfo.InvariantCulture);

Edit. I suspect that this is a bug in the NerdDinner code by the way, along the same lines as your previous problem.

明月夜 2022-06-07 2 楼

Set this in your web.config

  <system.web>
    <globalization uiCulture="en" culture="en-US" />

You appear to be using a server that is setup with a language that uses comma's instead of decimal places. You can adjust the culture to one that uses the comma's in a way that your application is designed, such as en-US.

静谧幽蓝 2022-06-07 1 楼

I have just revisited the issue in a real project and finally found a working solution. Proper solution is to have a custom model binder for the type decimal (and decimal? if you're using them):

using System.Globalization;
using System.Web.Mvc;

public class DecimalModelBinder : DefaultModelBinder
{
    public override object BindModel(ControllerContext controllerContext, ModelBindingContext bindingContext)
    {
        object result = null;

        // Don't do this here!
        // It might do bindingContext.ModelState.AddModelError
        // and there is no RemoveModelError!
        // 
        // result = base.BindModel(controllerContext, bindingContext);

        string modelName = bindingContext.ModelName;
        string attemptedValue = bindingContext.ValueProvider.GetValue(modelName)?.AttemptedValue;

        // in decimal? binding attemptedValue can be Null
        if (attemptedValue != null)
        {
            // Depending on CultureInfo, the NumberDecimalSeparator can be "," or "."
            // Both "." and "," should be accepted, but aren't.
            string wantedSeperator = NumberFormatInfo.CurrentInfo.NumberDecimalSeparator;
            string alternateSeperator = (wantedSeperator == "," ? "." : ",");

            if (attemptedValue.IndexOf(wantedSeperator, StringComparison.Ordinal) == -1
                && attemptedValue.IndexOf(alternateSeperator, StringComparison.Ordinal) != -1)
            {
                attemptedValue = attemptedValue.Replace(alternateSeperator, wantedSeperator);
            }

            try
            {
                if (bindingContext.ModelMetadata.IsNullableValueType && string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(attemptedValue))
                {
                    return null;
                }

                result = decimal.Parse(attemptedValue, NumberStyles.Any);
            }
            catch (FormatException e)
            {
                bindingContext.ModelState.AddModelError(modelName, e);
            }
        }

        return result;
    }
}

Then in Global.asax.cs in Application_Start():

ModelBinders.Binders.Add(typeof(decimal), new DecimalModelBinder());
ModelBinders.Binders.Add(typeof(decimal?), new DecimalModelBinder());

Note that code is not mine, I actually found it at Kristof Neirynck's blog here. I just edited a few lines and am adding the binder for a specific data type, not replacing the default binder.